An analysis of the three stages of medical training – pre-degree, post-degree and continuous training – designed to adapt it to current needs. Among the obstacles to making effective changes in the first type of teaching, experts cite the MIR exam to become a resident physician. Its content, they contend, should cover the whole range of candidates’ clinical knowledge and skills, as well as taking into account their preferences for specialized areas. With respect to postgraduate education, the experts recommend a more important role for tutors and a restructuring of the procedures for their selection and training, as well as more rigor in complying with the teaching activities in the periodic assessment of medical residents. The work includes the presentations organized in 1998 by the BBV Foundation at the Second Conference on Training of Healthcare Professionals, and also contains a study of the training and future outlook for other health professions, such as nurses, pharmacists, laboratory workers and administrative staff.